With regard to the social aspects of sustainability in the Norwegian agri-food sector, two elements are being developed. First, important health issues for workers, such as occupational exposure to pesticides and, second, the issue of the minimum wage for agricultural workers. All other free trade agreements relate to the AMAs that both parties have signed. The agreements underline the importance of MEAs and reaffirm the commitment of the parties to implement the AMEs to which they belong. The EPA BETWEEN the EU and Japan is the first free trade agreement between the EU and the EU agreement that explicitly refers to the Paris Agreement (and the UNFCC, which is also mentioned in the EU-Mexico GA). Two other instruments of regulatory cooperation between the two partners came into force as agreements attached to the free trade agreement between China and Switzerland: the Certification and Accreditation Cooperation Agreement and the Agreement on Cooperation on Health and Plant Health Measures. Mutual recognition agreements (MRAs) promote trade in goods and facilitate market access. These are bilateral agreements designed to facilitate industry access to compliance assessment (a systematic review to determine the extent to which a product, process or service meets certain requirements). MRA sets out the conditions under which a party accepts compliance assessment results (for example.
B tests or certifications) conducted by the other party`s notified compliance assessment agencies (CABs) to demonstrate compliance with the requirements of the first part and vice versa. In essence, these agreements grant mutual acceptance of the reports, certificates, authorizations and trademarks issued by the entities in the MRA ACCORDS annexes and certify compliance with the other party`s requirements. Such mutual recognition is also important to avoid duplication in procedures where the requirements of both parties are equivalent and, more generally, to promote international harmonisation. The EU has Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland and the United States. With regard to existing national legislation, the TSD chapter of the EU-Korea Agreement provides for the obligation to maintain the level of protection and to effectively enforce national law when it concerns trade or investment. These commitments ensure that the reduction in standards is not used as a competitive advantage. The corresponding provisions of the EU-Japan EPA are contained in Article 16.2 and Article 27.2 of the EU-Mexico GA. In this chapter, we will make a comparison on how different free trade agreements address different sustainability measures. Comparative analysis of free trade agreements focuses on several key themes identified. The provisions of the free trade agreement were divided into five distinct themes. Four of these themes cover the first way to link sustainability with national standards. These themes are: work, the environment, trade and sustainable development (TSD) and mechanisms for enforcement and cooperation.
A fifth theme, market access, deals with the second way.