The agreement between five Aboriginal groups has been in preparation for seven years and gives Rio access to 70,000 square kilometres of traditional land to extract and explore iron ore and other minerals. We set up monitoring committees that train not only our staff, but also representatives of the Community and independent bodies such as NGOs and experts specialised in the field of the environment and social affairs. This brings transparency, impartiality and credibility to our monitoring reports. We use a large number of instruments, such as social risk assessment, community review and complaint procedures, as well as independent verification mechanisms, to agree and implement improvements to existing agreements and their results. “It also involves genuine profit sharing between the company and the traditional owners in the activities on their land.” Since our agreements may cover different aspects of our operation, can be developed at different stages of the mining life cycle and subject to different local and national laws, we do not follow a single agreement process. However, we respect common principles and commitments: “I think it`s fair to say that this is the largest land tenure agreement for national titles in Australia`s history and it`s just a huge opportunity for the traditional owners in the Pilbara,” he said. The agreement includes mining exclusion zones for the protection of ceremonial and burial sites, as well as large water holes. Some types of agreements are specific to certain jurisdictions. Details on the different types of agreements and contracts can be found in different legal departments – Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa – on the website Agreements, Treaties and Negotiated Settlements, an initiative of the University of Melbourne, supported by the Australian Research Council and Rio Tinto. A “future action” is an activity or proposal that may affect the interests of national securities. The Native Title Act provides protection for native titles in the future by defining the procedures that governments must follow before native titles can be affected. The procedures differ depending on the nature of the proposed development activity.
The process does not veto any part of the national title, but ensures that the parties negotiate the future law in good faith. Procedures include the right to notice from traditional owners, the right of consultation, the right to negotiate and the issues to be taken into account in an agreement. We were proud to be the first mining company in Australia to adopt local land titles and enter into agreements with traditional owners. Today, we have many such agreements around the world. The agreement covers an area of approximately 67,000 square kilometers and includes Hope Downs 1, railway lines and supporting infrastructure and gives the company consent for all current and future explorations, infrastructure and mines within the Banjima La Claim border. Ms. Gawler said that indigenous peoples were concerned about the way the country was being managed, and the package contained an agreement for some of them to become land administrators. Under the Native Title Act, exploration or mining activities invoke the “right to negotiate” which provides local title parties with the opportunity to negotiate agreements with supporters. These agreements lay down the conditions for the implementation of the forthcoming legislative act, including, in certain cases, provisions on employment and training, the protection of environmental or cultural heritage or compensation and payments. If the parties fail to reach an agreement, a party may apply to the Native Title Tribunal for a decision.
Contracts are agreements between the Canadian government, Indigenous groups, provinces and territories, and commodity companies, that define the on-day rights and obligations of all parties in areas such as consultation and participation requirements, participation in land use and management, and resource allocation. . . .