An open repo transaction (also known as a repo on demand) operates in the same way as a term repo, except that the trader and the counterparty accept the transaction without setting the maturity date. On the contrary, both parties can terminate the trade by informing the other party before an agreed daily deadline. If an open repo is not completed, it is automatically overwritten every day. Interest is paid monthly and the interest rate is regularly reassessed by mutual agreement. The interest rate on an open repo is usually close to the federal funds rate. An open repo is used to invest cash or to fund assets if the parties don`t know how long it takes them. But almost all current contracts are concluded within one to two years. A repo is a form of short-term borrowing for government bond traders. In the case of a repo, a trader sells government bonds to investors, usually overnight, and buys them back the next day at a slightly higher price.
This small price difference is the implicit overnight rate. Deposits are usually used to raise short-term capital. They are also a common instrument for central banks` open market operations. Deposits were traditionally used as a form of secured loan and were treated as such for tax purposes. However, modern repurchase agreements often allow the cash lender to sell the security provided as collateral and replace an identical security at the time of redemption.  In this way, the cash lender acts as a borrower of securities and the repo contract can be used to take a short position in the security, much like a securities loan could be used.  Despite the similarities with secured loans, deposits are actual purchases. However, since the buyer has only temporary ownership of the collateral, these agreements are often treated as loans for tax and accounting purposes. In the event of insolvency, investors can sell their assets in most cases. This is an additional distinction between repo credits and secured loans; For most secured loans, bankrupt investors would be subject to automatic suspension. These are two separate direct spot market transactions, one for futures settlement.
The futures price is set in relation to the spot price in order to obtain a return on the market. The fundamental motivation for sales/redemptions is usually the same as for a classic repo (i.e.: The attempt to take advantage of the lower funding rates generally available for secured loans compared to unsecured loans). The profitability of the operation is also similar, with the interest on the money borrowed by the sale/redemption implicitly in the difference between the sale price and the purchase price. Treasury or government bills, corporate and treasury/government bonds, and shares can all be used as “collateral” in a repo transaction. However, unlike a secured loan, the right to securities passes from the seller to the buyer. Coupons (interest to be paid to the owner of the securities) due while the buyer in repo holds the securities are usually directly passed on to the seller in repo. This may seem counterintuitive, given that the legal ownership of the security rights during the pension contract belongs to the buyer. The agreement could instead provide that the buyer would receive the coupon, adjusting the cash to be paid during the redemption in order to compensate for this, although this is more typical of sales/redemptions.. . .