But immediately afterwards, Turkish policy began to produce its effects when divisions within the Syrian cabinet and between different sectors of the Syrian army were made public. According to the press, based on Turkish intelligence sources,27 the Syrian Defense Minister and the Chief of Staff argued that in the event of a war between Turkey and Syria, Turkey would win thanks to its superior forces and that a Syrian defeat would likely lead to the fall of the Asad regime, which would directly benefit Israel. In contrast, the commanders of the Syrian Air and Maritime Forces opposed Öcalan`s exclusion from Syria and instead recommended a postponement.28 Although Hafiz al-Asad was initially undecided, he quickly sent an oral message to Turkey through Iranian Foreign Minister Kemal Kharrazi that Syria had already begun arresting PKK fighters and expelling them with Öcalan, 29 The concrete steps taken by Syria to end its support for the PKK were first signaled to the Turks by messages sent on 13 October 1998 by messages about the Iranian and Egyptian Foreign Ministers.30 On 20 October, Prime Minister Yilmaz announced that Öcalan was no longer in Damascus. The Adana Agreement was signed on 20 October 1998. 105 Erol Manisali, Cumhuriyet, 29 November 1998. See the Commission`s regular report on Turkey`s progress towards accession in `Turkey Regular Report`, 2 December 1998, www.europa.eu.int/geninfo/query_en.htm. See the reactions of Turkish statesmen to these reports in Milliyet, 6 November 1998, and Cumhuriyet, 7 November 1998. The Adana agreement lasted until 2011, when Turkey`s open support for the Syrian opposition in the context of the Syrian civil war ended all goodwill between the two countries and the Syrian government again began supporting Kurdish groups to counterbalance Turkish efforts in Syria.  The Syrian government said Turkey violated the agreements reached by the agreement by arming rebel groups in Syria.  In 2012, Turkish officials accused the Syrian government of directly supporting the PKK.
 20 ArabicNews.com, “Turkey, Syria for the continuation of dialogue” in www.arabicnews.com/ansub/Daily/Day/980228/1998022814.html. Turkish Foreign Minister Ismail Cem and his Syrian counterpart Farouk al-Sharaa then met at the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers held in Doha in March 1998. The Adana agreement between then-Turkish President Süleyman Demirel and the late Syrian President Hafez al-Assad was again discussed in foreign policy circles last week, 21 years after it was signed. . . .